Hummingbird Species


Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, with almost half the species living in the "equatorial belt" between 10 degrees north and south of the equator.

Hummingbird Species in the United States and Canada

The hummingbird family is very large, with over 330 species and 115 genera, mostly south of the U.S. Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, with almost half the species living in the "equatorial belt" between 10 degrees north and south of the equator.

Hummingbirds comprise the family Trochilidae, among the smallest of birds, with most species measuring in the 3"-5" range.

Many hummingbirds spend the winter in Central America or Mexico, and migrate north to their breeding grounds in the southern U.S. as early as February, and to areas further north later in the spring. The first arrivals in spring are usually males.

Fewer than two dozen species venture into the U.S. and Canada, and only a few species remain year-round.

List of the Most Common Hummingbird Species Found in the U.S.A.

Common Name and
Scientific Name
Photo
Allen's Hummingbird in Southern California
Source: Marilyn Meadows Photography
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Anna's Hummingbird in California
Source: Marilyn Meadows Photography
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Berylline Hummingbird
Black-Chinned Hummingbird

Blue-throated
Lampornis clemenciae

See photos, hummingbird size, distribution and features

Blue-Throated Hummingbird
Broad-billed Hummingbird
Source: Staff Photo

Broad-tailed
Selasphorus platycercus

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Broad-Tailed Hummingbird

Buff-bellied
Amazilia yucatanensis

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Buff-Bellied Hummingbird
Source: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Calliope Hummingbird
Costa's Hummingbird

Green-breasted Mango
Anthracothorax prevostii

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Green-Breasted Mango Hummingbird
Green Violet-Ear Hummingbird
Source: Rolf Riethof
Lucifer Hummingbird
Rivoli's Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Source: Sina Norris
Rufous Hummingbird in Santa Fe, New Mexico
Source: Ken Mock
Violet-Crowned Hummingbird
White-Eared Hummingbird


Hummingbird Moth
Source: Author's Photo Archives

The Hummingbird "Look Alike"

Hummingbird Moth or
Hummingbird Hawk Moth
or Sphinx Moth

Although not a member of the hummingbird family, it hovers and hums like a hummingbird

See enlarged photo, size, distribution and features


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