Hummingbird Central

Hummingbird Population in the United States & Canada

Hummingbird Species

Hummingbirds can be found in North America, Central America, South America and many islands of the Caribbean Sea. Almost half the species live in the "equatorial belt" between 10 degrees north and south of the equator.

According to the International Ornithologists' Union (IOU), the hummingbird family has 366 species and 112 genera, mostly south of the United States. Hummingbirds comprise the family Trochilidae, among the smallest of birds, with most species measuring in the 3"-5" range. Tens of millions of these tiny birds inhabit the United States and Canada at least part of each year, bringing joy to so many nature lovers!

Estimated Hummingbird Population in the United States and Canada

Fewer than two dozen species venture into the United States and Canada, and only a few species remain year-round in North America. Listed below are estimated hummingbird populations for several species as calculated by the American Bird Conservancy, using data from Partners in Flight (PIF) population & conservation data along with data from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.The numbers do not reflect world-wide hummingbird populations.

Species Estimated Population
Ruby-throated 34,000,000
Rufous 19,000,000
Anna's 8,200,000
Black-chinned 7,700,000
Broad-tailed 7,600,000
Calliope 4,500,000
Allen's 1,700,000
Costa's 1,600,000
Broad-billed 200,000
Buff-bellied 100,000
Lucifer < 5,000
Rivoli's < 5,000
Violet-crowned < 200
White-eared < 200


For Birding Reseach, Scientific and Conservation Information

For research and scientific information on birding, we recommend organizations such as the following: