Hummingbird Central

Hummingbirds of Costa Rica

Many people travel to Costa Rica for hiking, scuba diving, photography, and ... hummingbirds!

About Costa Rica

Map showing the location of Costa Rica in Central America
Map showing the location of Costa Rica in Central America

The Republic of Costa Rica is located in Central America, north of Panama and south of Nicaragua. The country borders the Caribbean Sea on the East, and the Pacific Ocean on the west. The population of the country is over 5,000,000 residents. Costa Rica is composed of seven provinces (see map below), which in turn are divided into 82 cantons.

Costa Rica is characterized by a tropical climate year-round. There are two seasons: the dry season, from December to April, and the rainy season from May to November. March and April are the hottest months in the country, while December and January are the coldest.

A pioneer of ecotourism, Costa Rica is one of the countries with the greatest biodiversity in all of Latin America. Costa Rica draws many tourists to its extensive series of national parks and other protected areas. It supports a large variety of wildlife, due in large part to its geographic position between North and South America, its neotropical climate, and its wide variety of habitats.

One national park, the Corcovado National Park, is internationally known for its biodiversity, a place where visitors can view an abundance of wildlife, including hummingbirds.

Map of Costa Rica, Provinces and Major Cities


The Family of Hummingbirds

Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, with almost half the species living in the "equatorial belt" between 10 degrees north and south of the equator. Many are found in Costa Rica, which is located just north of Panama. The hummingbird family is very large, with 366 species and 112 genera, mostly south of the United States.

Hummingbirds comprise the family Trochilidae, among the smallest of birds, with most species measuring in the 3"-5" range.

Over 940 bird species have been recorded in Costa Rica (including Cocos Island). More than 600 of the Costa Rican species are permanent residents, and about 200 are migrants, spending parts of the year in North America.


Hummingbird Species in Costa Rica

Costa Rica is home to about 54 species of hummingbirds, listed below. The Mangrove Hummingbird is endemic to Costa Rica, and specializes in feeding from the tea mangrove plant. Several other species are considered rare, accidental or endangered.

Most hummingbirds in Costa Rica do not migrate. The Ruby-throated Hummingbird does migrate north into the United States and Canada from February through October.

  • Alfaros Hummingbird
  • Band-tailed Barbthroat Hummingbird
  • Black-bellied Hummingbird
  • Blue-chested Hummingbird
  • Black-crested Coquette Hummingbird
  • Blue-tailed Hummingbird
  • Blue-throated Goldentail Hummingbird
  • Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer Hummingbird
  • Bronzy Hermit Hummingbird
  • Brown Violet-ear Hummingbird
  • Charming Hummingbird
  • Cinnamon Hummingbird
  • Coppery-headed Emerald Hummingbird
  • Fiery-throated Hummingbird
  • Garden Emerald Hummingbird
  • Gray-tailed Mountain Gem Hummingbird
  • Green-breasted Mango Hummingbird
  • Green-crowned Brilliant Hummingbird
  • Green-fronted Lancebill Hummingbird
  • Green Hermit Hummingbird
  • Green Thorntail Hummingbird
  • Green Violet-ear Hummingbird
  • Indigo-capped Hummingbird
  • Long-billed Starthroat Hummingbird
  • Magenta-throated Woodstar Hummingbird
  • Mangrove Hummingbird
  • Plain-capped Starthroat Hummingbird
  • Purple-crowned Fairy Hummingbird
  • Purple-throated Mountain-gem Hummingbird
  • Rivoli's Hummingbird
  • Ruby-throated Hummingbird
  • Rufous-crested Coquette Hummingbird
  • Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
  • Sapphire-throated Hummingbird
  • Scaly-breasted Hummingbird
  • Scintillant Hummingbird
  • Snowcap Hummingbird
  • Snowy-bellied Hummingbird
  • Steely-vented Hummingbird
  • Stripe-tailed Hummingbird
  • Stripe-throated Hermit Hummingbird
  • Violet-bellied Hummingbird
  • Violet-crowned Woodnymph Hummingbird
  • Violet-headed Hummingbird
  • Violet Sabrewing Hummingbird
  • Volcano Hummingbird
  • Western Long-tailed Hermit Hummingbird
  • White-bellied Emerald Hummingbird
  • White-bellied Mountain Gem Hummingbird
  • White-crested Coquette Hummingbird
  • White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird
  • White-tailed Emerald Hummingbird
  • White-tipped Sicklebill Hummingbird
  • White-vented Plumeleteer Hummingbird


Photo Highlights of Hummingbirds Found in Costa Rica

Green-breasted Mango Hummingbird
Green-breasted Mango Hummingbird
Green Violet-ear Hummingbird
Green Violet-ear Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Purple-crowned Fairy Hummingbird
Purple-crowned Fairy Hummingbird
White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird
White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird
Rivoli's Hummingbird
Rivoli's Hummingbird
Plain-capped Starthroat Hummingbird
Plain-capped Starthroat Hummingbird
Purple-throated Mountain Gem Hummingbird
Purple-throated Mountain Gem Hummingbird
Fiery-throated Hummingbird
Fiery-throated Hummingbird
Coppery-headed Emerald Hummingbird
Coppery-headed Emerald Hummingbird
Cinnamon Hummingbird
Cinnamon Hummingbird
White-bellied Mountain Gem Hummingbird
White-bellied Mountain Gem Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Green-crowned Brilliant Hummingbird
Green-crowned Brilliant Hummingbird
Special thanks go out to the great nature photographers Alan Schmierer and Rolf Riethof for sharing many of their beautiful public-domain photographs of hummingbirds on this website via Flickr.


Rain forest in Costa Rica
Rain forest in Costa Rica (Staff Photo)

Hummingbird Resources Related to Costa Rica

Costa Rica Travel Resources