White and Albino Hummingbirds


Although somewhat rare in nature, there are indeed white hummingbirds! There are three types, a true Albino, and a Leucistic hummingbird ... and a mixture, known as Pied (or Piebald).

Melanin is important for hummingbirds as it dictates skin tone, eye color, feather strength, and ultraviolet sun protection. Less melanin produces a lighter color, while more melanin produces a darker color.

 

Here at HummingbirdCentral, we have received numerous reports of white hummingbirds seen in 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021 and in 2022. These reports were from the following locations (each documented with photos or videos):

2022

  • August, 2022
  • Westerfield, OH
  • Johnston, SC
  • Peachtree City, GA
  • Constantia, NY
  • Millstadt, IL
  • Rochester, MA
  • July, 2022
  • Oakdale, CA
  • Seattle, WA
  • Walnut Grove, MO
  • Bluemont, VA
  • Cedar Park, TX
  • Rocky Mount, VA
  • Cairo, GA
  • June, 2022
  • Pegram, TN
  • San Antonio, TX
  • April, 2022
  • Orangevale, CA
  • Watsonville, CA
  • January, 2022
  • West Hollywood, CA
  • North Saanich, BC

2021

  • October, 2021
  • Pearland, TX
  • Katy, TX
  • Mt. Olive, MS
  • September, 2021
  • Mandeville, LA
  • Tomball, TX
  • Fort Worth, TX
  • Ponchatoula, LA
  • Ocean Springs, MS
  • Earleville, MD
  • Mason City, IL
  • Springfield, MO
  • Demopolis, AL
  • Boise, ID
  • Brentwood, TN
  • Bolton, MS
  • Sautee Nacoochee, GA
  • Lawrenceburg, KY
  • Murray, IA
  • Hopewell Junction, NY
  • Middlesboro, KY
  • Pembroke, GA
  • St. Peters, MO
  • August, 2021
  • Pea Ridge, AR
  • Hopkinsville, KY
  • Fullerton, CA
  • Philadelphia, MA
  • Delta, AL
  • Woodruff, WI
  • Ashland City, TN
  • Carrollton, MS
  • Silver Spring, MD
  • Lake Buchanan, TX
  • Princeton, WI
  • Suffolk, VA
  • Harrisonville, MO
  • El Paso, TX
  • Spring Grove, IL
  • Laurens, SC
  • Swansea, SC
  • Seneca, SC
  • Kittredge, CO
  • July, 2021
  • Florissant, CO
  • Shelby, NC
  • Whipple, OH
  • Creswell, OR
  • Port Ludlow, WA
  • Half Moon Bay, CA
  • Tucson, AZ
  • June, 2021
  • Williamsburg, VA
  • Hickory, NC
  • April, 2021
  • Meers, OK
  • Jurupa Valley, CA
  • February, 2021
  • Halfmoon Bay, BC
  • Seattle, WA
  • Hemet, CA

2020

  • September, 2020
  • Greenbrier, AR
  • Chattanooga, TN
  • Redwater, TX
  • Red River County, TX
  • Crosby, TX
  • Henderson, TN
  • Norman, OK
  • Howell, MI
  • August, 2020
  • Port Mouton, NS
  • Callawassie Island, SC
  • Poquoson, VA
  • Carrboro, NC
  • Bellingham, WA
  • Port Ludlow, WA
  • Descanso, CA
  • Midway, UT
  • Perryville, MO
  • Crested Butte, CO
  • July, 2020
  • Simsboro, LA
  • Austin, TX
  • Harrisburg, AR
  • Tualatin, OR
  • Beaverton, OR
  • Walla Walla, WA
  • Defiance, OH
  • Woodbury, CT
  • June, 2020
  • Liberty Hill, TX
  • Vancouver, WA
  • Seattle, WA
  • Leakey, TX
  • Hernando, MS
  • Silverdale, WA
  • St. Francis, MN
  • Spokane, WA

2019

  • October, 2019
  • Sardis, MS
  • Bonduel, MI
  • Cut and Shoot, TX
  • September, 2019
  • Trinity, TX
  • Sisterdale, TX
  • Simms, TX
  • Clinton, LA
  • Indianapolis, IN
  • Boaz, MO
  • San Angelo, TX
  • Brownsville, KY
  • Grasonville, MD
  • August, 2019
  • Mount Juliet, TN
  • Hanna, IN
  • Eldersburg, MD
  • Winona, TX
  • Galatia, IL
  • Canterbury, CT
  • Muskogee, OK
  • Grand Junction, CO
  • Arp, TX
  • Beltrami County, MN
  • Valley Falls, NY
  • Haleyville, NJ
  • Hoschton, GA
  • July, 2019
  • Spokane, WA
  • Carroll County, MD
  • Northeast KY
  • Prescott, AZ

2018

  • Jamesport, MO
  • El Dorado, AR
  • Lawson, MO
  • Presque Isle, WI
  • Daingerfield, TX
  • Bowling Green, KY
  • Greenup, KY
Albino Hummingbird - Perryville, Missouri - August, 2020
Albino Hummingbird
Perryville, Missouri - August, 2020
 (Photo by and courtesy of E. Kuehn
)

Albino Hummingbirds

An albino hummingbird features white feathers along with pink eyes, bill and feet. These hummingbirds are very rare, and are the result of a genetic mutation that stops the creation of any dark pigment. These hummingbirds lack melanin which equates to no color or pigmentation.

Albino Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Carrol County, Maryland, July, 2019
Albino Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Carrol County, Maryland, July, 2019
(Photo by and courtesy of M. Tegges
)

Leucistic Hummingbirds

Leucistic hummingbirds can produce some melanin, and have black eyes, bills and feet. Their feathers may be pure white, whitish, off-white, partially-white, tan, or gray instead of the normal colors for that species.

These are somewhat rare, but not as rare as the true albino hummingbird.

Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Laurens, South Caroliana - August, 2021
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Laurens, South Caroliana - August, 2021
Has stayed for 16 days at the home of
Robyn Prince
(Photo by Elaine Smith Photography )


 

Pied, or Piebald, Hummingbirds

The term "pied" or "piebald" is applied to bird plumage that has contrasting patches of bold color, usually black and white with clear edges.

Pied Hummingbirds have partial white and partial normal coloration.

Because it has some normal green or brown feathers, this hummingbird is referred to as being "pied" rather than leucistic.

Pied Black-chinned Hummingbird sighted in Meers, Oklahoma
Pied Black-chinned Hummingbird sighted in Meers, Oklahoma, April, 2021
(Photo by and courtesy of J. Jones)

More Photos of White Hummingbirds


Albino Hummingbird, Millstadt, Illinois, August 1, 2022 Albino Hummingbird
Millstadt, IL, August 1, 2022
(Photo by and courtesy of P. Keck)
Leucistic Hummingbird, Constantia, NY, August  2022 Leucistic Hummingbird
Constantia, NY, August 8, 2022
(Photo by and courtesy of Angie M)

White hummingbird, Watsonville, California, April, 2022
White Hummingbird
Watsonville, CA, April ,2022
(Photo by and courtesy of S. Hoffman)
Leucistic Hummingbird - Oakdale, California - July, 2022
Leucistic Hummingbird
Oakdale, CA, July, 2022
 (Photo by and courtesy of J. Thompson)

White hummingbird, Oakdale, California, July, 2022
White Hummingbird
Oakdale, CA, July, 2022
(Photo by and courtesy of Natalie and Rose)
White hummingbird, Johnston, South Carolina, August, 2022
White Hummingbird
Johnston, SC, August, 2022
(Photo by and courtesy of N. Riley)

Leucistic Hummingbird - Rochester, MA, August 1, 2022
Leucistic Hummingbird
Rochester, MA, August 1, 2022
 (Photo by and courtesy of S. Orlowski)
Leucistic hummingbird, Pegram, TN, June 2022 Leucistic Hummingbird
Pegram, TN, June, 2022
(Photo by and courtesy of R. Adkins)

Leucistic Hummingbird - Orangevale, California, April 2022
Leucistic Hummingbird
Orangevale, CA, April, 2022
 (Photo by and courtesy of P. Flores)
Leucistic hummingbird, San Antonio, Texas, June, 2022 Leucistic Hummingbird
San Antonio, TX, June, 2022
(Photo by and courtesy of M. and A Rogers)

Leucistic Anna's Hummingbird, North Saanich, British Columbia - January, 2022
Leucistic Anna's Hummingbird
North Saanich, British Colfumbia, January, 2022
 (Photo by and courtesy of G. Eckberg)
Leucistic hummingbird, Rocky Mount, VA, July, 2022 Leucistic Hummingbird
Rocky Mount, VA, July, 2022
(Photo by and courtesy of L. Joyce)

Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Springfield, Missouri, September, 2021
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Springfield, Missouri, September, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of P. Lindsay)
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Brentwood, Tennessee, September 1-9, 2021
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Brentwood, Tennessee, September 1-9, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of K. Vanderkolk)

Leucistic Anna's Hummingbird in Port Ludlow, Washington, in July of 2021
Leucistic Anna's Hummingbird
Port Ludlow, WA, July 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of C. Aron)
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Callawassie Island, SC - August, 2020
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Callawassie Island, SC, August, 2020
 (Photo by and courtesy of J. Eckhardt
)

Leucistic hummingbird sighted for 7 days in Katy, Texas, September 28 - October 4, 2021
Leucistic Hummingbird
Katy, Texas, sighted for 7 days in Sept-October, 2021
(Photo by and courtesy of B. Purser)
Leucistic hummingbird in Pearland, Texas, October 9, 2021
Leucistic Hummingbird
Pearland, Texas, October 9, 2021
(Photo by and courtesy of D. Martin)

Pied Hummingbird - Fort Worth, Texas, September, 2021
Pied Hummingbird
Fort Worth, TX, September, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of M. Parsley)
Leucistic hummingbird, Mt. Olive, Mississippi, October, 2021
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Mt. Olive, MS, October, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of D. Madden)

Leucistic Hummingbird - Earleville, Maryland, September, 2021
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Earleville, Maryland, September 13, 2021
(Photo by and courtesy of A. Baldwin)
Leucistic male Anna's Hummingbird - Nicknamed "Cotton Ball" - Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia - February 24, 2021
Leucistic male Anna's Hummingbird - Nicknamed "Cotton Ball" - Halfmoon Bay, British Columbia - February 24, 2021  (Photo by and courtesy of A. Miller)

Pied Ruby-throated Hummingbird sighted in St. Francis, Minnesota, June, 2020
Pied Ruby-throated Hummingbird sighted in St. Francis, Minnesota, June, 2020
(Photo by and courtesy of J. Heifort)
Pied Ruby-throated Hummingbird sighted in Ponchatoula, LA, September, 2021
Pied Ruby-throated Hummingbird sighted in Ponchatoula, LA, September, 2021
(Photo by and courtesy of B. Migues)

White Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Demopolis, Alabama, September 13, 2021
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Demopolis, Alabama, September 13, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of D. Wingate)
Leucistic female Anna's Hummingbird - Hemet, California - February 26, 2021
Leucistic female Anna's Hummingbird
Hemet, California, February 26, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of K. Hoggatt
)

Leucistic Hummingbird - Beaverton, Oregon - July, 2020
Leucistic Hummingbird
Beaverton, Oregon, July 11, 2020
 (Photo by and courtesy of C. Elings
)
Albino Ruby-throated Hummingbird, north of Murray, Iowa, September 8, 2021
Albino Ruby-throated Hummingbird
North of Murray, Iowa, September 8, 2021
Confirmed by Iowa DNR as an Albino
 (Photo by and courtesy of R. Griffith)

Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Sautee Nacoochee, Georgia, September, 2021
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Sautee Nacoochee, GA, September, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of B. Roper)
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Lawrenceburg, Kentucky, September, 2021
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Lawrenceburg, KY, September, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of J. Brooks)

Leucistic Hummingbird - Florissant, Colorado, July, 2021
Leucistic female Anna's Hummingbird - Hemet, California - February 26, 2021
White Hummingbird
Florissant, Colorado, July, 2021 (Photos by and courtesy of A. Bullis
)

Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Red River County, Texas
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Red River County, Texas - September, 2020
 (Photos by and courtesy of M. Storey
)

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Leucistic hummingbird in Port Ludlow, Washington, August of 2020
Leucistic Hummingbird
Port Ludlow, Washington, August, 2020
 (Photo by and courtesy of L. Larabee and M. Lum
)

White Hummingbird - Crested Butte, Colorado - August, 2020
White Hummingbird
Crested Butte, Colorado, August, 2020
 (Photo by and courtesy of K. Giesselman
)


A white Ruby-throated Hummingbird feeding in Missouri, September 14, 2018
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Missouri, September 14, 2018
(Photo by and courtesy of J. Simons)

White Hummingbird - Liberty Hill, Texas - Seen at feeders every day for over a week in late June of 2020
White Hummingbird
Liberty Hill, Texas, late June of 2020
 (Photo by and courtesy of C. Mullenix
)


Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird sighted in Haleyville, NJ, August 10-13, 2019
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Haleyville, NJ, August 10-13, 2019
(Photo by and courtesy of J. Rhubart)

White Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Muskogee, Oklahoma, August 18, 2019
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Muskogee, Oklahoma, August 18, 2019
(Photo by and courtesy of D. Jomes
)


White Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Simms, Texas
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Simms, Texas, September 24-25, 2019
 (Photo by and courtesy of C. Covarrubias
)
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Sisterdale, Texas
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Sisterdale, Texas, September 25, 2019
 (Photo by and courtesy of R. Miklaw
)

White Hummingbird - Leakey, Texas - Seen for several days in late June, 2020
White Hummingbird
Leakey, Texas, seen for several days in late June, 2020
 (Photo by and courtesy of T. Ikner
)
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Sardis, Mississippi
Albino Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Sardis, Mississippi, October 18, 2019
 (Photo by and courtesy of Randy and Bev Fullerton
)


Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Poquoson, Virginia - August, 2020
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Poquoson, Virginia, August, 2020
 (Photo by and courtesy of C. Conrad
)
Leucistic Hummingbird - Carrboro, North Carolina - August, 2020
Leucistic Hummingbird
Carrboro, North Carolina, late July and August, 2020
 (Photos by and courtesy of A. Smith
)


Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - St. Peters, Missouri, September 2, 2021
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
St. Peters, Missouri, September 2, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of J. Galla)
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Hopewell Junction, New York, September 7, 2021
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Hopewell Junction NY, September 7, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of J. Eckelman)

Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Carrollton, Mississippi, August, 2021
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Carrollton, Mississippi, August, 2020
 (Photo by and courtesy of T. Johnston
)
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Silver Spring, Maryland, June to August, 2021
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Silver Spring, Maryland, June to August, 2021
(Photo by and courtesy of C. McKown)


Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Hopkinsville, Kentucky, August, 2021
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Hopkinsville, Kentucky, August 25, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of V. Garnett 
)
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Pea Ridge, Arkansas, August, 2021
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Pea Ridge, Arkansas, August 31, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of
N. Wilkening)


Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Ashland City, Tennessee, August, 2021
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Ashland City, Tennessee, August 25-26, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of M. Re’nell Scott
)
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Woodruff, Wisconsin, August, 2021
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Woodruff, WIsconsin, August, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of T. Wolfe
)


Leucistic Hummingbird - Kittredge, Colorado, August 2, 2021
Leucistic Hummingbird
She makes no noise when she flies, and alternates between flowers and several feeders, resting in nearby trees between feedings.   Other hummies (both male and female Broad-tailed and Black-chinned) try to chase her off quite a bit, but she manages to feed.  She seemed very wary of humans.
Kittredge, Colorado, August 2, 2021 (Photo by and courtesy of J. Graven)

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White Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Clinton, Louisiana, September, 2019
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Clinton, Louisiana, September, 2019
 (Photo by and courtesy of D. DeMoss
, taken with
a Canon T3i and a Sigma DG 150 to 500mm zoom lens)
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Indianapolis, Indiana
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Indianapolis, Indiana, September 15, 2019
Its eyes appear dark in photos, but in person they look redder
 (Photo by and courtesy of S. Jennermann
)

Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Port Mouton, Nova Scotia - August, 2020
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Port Mouton, Nova Scotia - August, 2020
 (Photo by and courtesy of M. Sarty
)
Pied Ruby-throated Hummingbird sighted in Hernando, Mississippi, June, 2020
Pied Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Hernando, Mississippi, June, 2020
(Photo by and courtesy of P. Stuart)

White Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Arp, Texas, August 13, 2019
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Arp, Texas, August 13, 2019
(Photo by and courtesy of Brad R.
)

White Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Winona, Texas, August 21, 2019
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Grasonville, Maryland, September 8, 2019
(Photo by and courtesy of J. Brown
)
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Grasonville, Maryland
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Winona, Texas, August 21, 2019
(Photo by and courtesy of G. Graham
)

Three views of a pied Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Galatia, Illinois
Pied Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Galatia, Illinois, August 20, 2019
(Photo by and courtesy of D. Dudley
)
Leucistic Hummingbird, probably an Anna's - Seattle, Washington
Leucistic Hummingbird, probably an Anna's
Seattle, WA - March to June of 2020, again in Feb 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of B. Newell
)


Pied Ruby-throated Hummingbird in Williamsburg, Virginia, June, 2021
Pied Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Williamsburg, Virginia June, 2021
(Photo by and courtesy of L. Kelly)
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird at a feeder in Southern Arkansas, August, 2018
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Southern Arkansas, August, 2018
(Photo by and courtesy of S. Edmonds)

White Leucistic Hummingbird in Creswell, Oregon, in July of 2021
White Leucistic Hummingbird
Creswell, Oregon, July, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of B. Gabrio
)
Leucistic Hummingbird, Spokane, Washington
Leucistic Hummingbird
Spokane, Washington, Summer of 2019
(Photo by and courtesy of K. Grieb

White Leucistic Hummingbird in Creswell, Oregon, in July of 2021
White Leucistic Hummingbird
Whipple, Ohio, July, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of R. Burdette)
Leucistic Hummingbird, Shelby, North Carolina, July 2021
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Shelby, North Carolina, July, 2021
(Photo by and courtesy of K. Hamrick)

White Leucistic Hummingbird in Suffolk, Virginia in August, 2021
Ruby-throated Leucistic Hummingbird
Suffolk, Virginia, August, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of J. Pieroni )
White Leucistic Hummingbird in Delta, Alabama in August, 2021
Ruby-throated Leucistic Hummingbird
Delta, Alabama, August 25-28, 2021
 (Photo by and courtesy of D. Tucker)

White Ruby-throated Hummingbird - Missouri, September 14, 2018
White Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Missouri, September 14, 2018
(Photo by and courtesy of J. Simons
)

Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird sighted in Beltrami County, MN, August 15, 2019
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Beltrami County, MN, August 15, 2019
(Photo by and courtesy of J. Mathweg)
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird sighted in Canterbury, CT, August 17, 2019
Leucistic Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Canterbury, CT, August 17, 2019
(Photo by and courtesy of K. Tharel)
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