Hummingbird Central

Hummingbirds of Colombia

Map showing the location of Colombia in South America
Map showing the location of Colombia in South America

Many travelers to Colombia enjoy hiking, surfing, sport fishing, diving, agrotourism, exploring historical sites, wildlife adventures, and ... birdwatching the most species of hummingbirds of any country in the world!

About Colombia

The Republic of Colombia is primarily located in South America, with insular regions also in North America. The country is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the north, Venezuela to the east and northeast, Brazil to the southeast, Ecuador and Peru to the south and southwest, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and Panama to the northwest. Colombia is the only country in South America to have coastlines and islands on both the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. It is administratively divided into 32 departments (states), and has a population of about 52 million residents.

Colombia features natural beauty, diverse plant and animal life, including over 1,900 species of birds and about 45,000 plant species. It is one of the megadiverse countries in biodiversity, ranking first in bird species. It lies between latitudes 12°N and 4°S and between longitudes 67° and 79°W.

The country has a diverse range of climate zones, including tropical rainforests, savannas, steppes, deserts and mountain climates. Colombia lies on the Equator and thus has no seasons, and doesn’t experience any extreme climate changes through the year. Most of the country is located in the northern hemisphere, as the Equator passes through the southern tip of the country. Colombia has a wide variety of climates thanks to its mountainous terrain.

Bogota is the largest city and the capital of Colombia, with a population over 8 million inhabitants. It is also the largest city on or near the Equator, located at 4° 35′ 53″ N, in the southeastern portion of the Bogota savannah.

Popular travel destinations for tourists include Bogota, Cartegena, Medellin, Santa Marta, Cali, and Guatape. Visitors also seek out the amenities of several well-run national parks, including the popular Tayrona National Park (Parque Nacional Natural Tayrona), in northern Colombia.

Birdwatchers can choose from a number of respected birding tour operators, offering various options for ecotours, duration, locales, lodging, and transportation.

Enjoy your hummingbird explorations and tours in Colombia!

Map of Colombia


The Family of Hummingbirds

Hummingbirds live only in the Western Hemisphere, with nearly half the species living in the "equatorial belt" between 10 degrees north and south of the equator. Many are found in Colombia and adjacent areas of Panama, Ecuador, Venezuela, Brazil and Peru. The hummingbird family is very large, with 366 species and 112 genera, mostly south of the United States.

Hummingbirds comprise the family Trochilidae, among the smallest of birds, with most species measuring in the 3"-5" range.

Several birding tour guide operators are available in Colombia for birdwatchers, offering options that include transportation, lodging, duration, and locales, and lodging.


Hummingbird Species in Colombia

Colombia is home to about 165 species of hummingbirds, more than any other country. Highlights of species is included below.

  • Andean Emerald
  • Bearded Helmetcrest
  • Black-backed Thornbill
  • Black Inca
  • Black-tailed Trainbearer
  • Black-throated Mango
  • Blue-headed Sapphire
  • Blue-tailed Emerald
  • Blue-throated Starfrontlet
  • Booted Racquet-tail
  • Bronze-tailed Hornbill
  • Brown Violetear
  • Buff-Tailed Coronet
  • Buff-winged Starfrontlet
  • Buffy
  • Buffy Helmetcrest
  • Chestnut-bellied
  • Chiribiquete Emerald
  • Collared Inca
  • Colorful Puffleg
  • Copper-rumped
  • Crowned Woodnymph
  • Dusky Starfrontlet
  • Empress Brilliant
  • Eriocnemis
  • Fawn-breasted Brilliant
  • Fork-tailed Woodnymph
  • Geoffroy’s Daggerbill
  • Glowing Puffleg
  • Golden-bellied Starfrontlet
  • Golden-breasted Puffleg
  • Gorgeted Woodstar
  • Gorgeted Puffleg
  • Great Sapphirewing
  • Green-backed Hillstar
  • Green-bellied
  • Green-crowned Brilliant
  • Green Hermit
  • Green Thorntail
  • Indigo-capped
  • Lazuline Sabrewing
  • Lepidopyga
  • Long-billed Hermit
  • Long-billed Starthroat
  • Long-tailed Sylph
  • Metaltail
  • Olive-spotted
  • Pale-bellied Hermit
  • Pale-tailed Barbthroat
  • Purple-bibbed Whitetip
  • Purple-crowned Woodnymph
  • Purple-throated Woodstar
  • Rainbow-bearded Thornbill
  • Red-bellied Emerald
  • Ruby-topaz
  • Rufous-gaped Hillstar
  • Rufous-tailed
  • Santa Marta Sabrewing
  • Santa Marta Woodstar
  • Sapphire-bellied
  • Shining Sunbeam
  • Short-tailed Emerald
  • Snowy-bellied
  • Sparkling Violetear
  • Speckled
  • Steely-Vented
  • Sword-billed
  • Tourmaline Sunangel
  • Tyrian Metaltail
  • Velvet-purple Coronet
  • Violetear
  • Violet-tailed Sylph
  • White-bellied Woodstar
  • White-necked Jacobin
  • White-tailed Hillstar
  • White-tailed Starfrontlet
  • White-throated Daggerbill
  • White-vented Plumeleteer

A more complete list is shown in the chart below, in alphabetical order. Checkmarks indicate which species are found in Colombia. Differing birding sources may report small variation in numbers of species. This database represents our best effort to create an accurate species listing.

Click the image below for a complete list of species in PDF format. Or click here to view the species list (PDF)


Photo Highlights of Hummingbirds Found in Colombia

Long-tailed Sylph
Long-tailed Sylph Hummingbird
Purple-billed Whitetip
Purple-billed Whitetip Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Booted-racket Tail
Booted-racket Tail Hummingbird
Buff-tailed Coronet
Buff-tailed Coronet Hummingbird
Long-billed Starthroat
Long-billed Starthroat Hummingbird
White-necked Jacobin
White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird
Green-crowned Brilliant Hummingbird
Green-crowned Brilliant
Green-crowned Brilliant Hummingbird
White-bellied Woodstar
White-bellied Woodstar Hummingbird
Velvet-purple Coronet
Velvet-purple Coronet Hummingbird
Tourmaline Sunangel
Tourmaline Sunangel Hummingbird
Shining Sunbeam
Shining Sunbeam Hummingbird
Buff-winged Starfrontlet
Buff-winged Starfrontlet Hummingbird
Speckled Hummingbird
Speckled Hummingbird
Collared Inca
Collared Inca Hummingbird


National Aviary of Columbia

Aviario Nacional De Colombia near Cartagena in South America

The conservation organization that operates the National Aviary of Columbia seeks, through a modern and representative exhibition of avifauna in natural environments, to promote knowledge about Colombian biodiversity, its sustainable use and responsible management. The facility is relatively new, having opened in February of 2016. The staff of this website has visited the Aviary and it is highly recommended!

The Aviary is situated on seven hectares of wilderness that allow visitors to observe a unique and wonderful collection of birds from Colombia and all of Latin America. The birds are exhibited in a representation of their natural habitat, in environments very similar to those from which they originate. Three ecosystems are presented: tropical rainforest, coastal zone and desert.

The Aviary is located on the Island of Barú about 50 minutes southwest of downtown Cartagena, just off Via a Barú. Bus tours are available from downtown, including those provided by various cruise ship lines. See area map below on this page.

For more information visit the website of the Aviario Nacional de Colombia and National Aviary on Facebook or phone 322 552 91 34.

Also, be sure to read more on this website about the National Aviary of Colombia

Map of the grounds, exhibits and facilities at the National Aviary of Colombia (Staff Photo)
Map of the grounds, exhibits and facilities at the National Aviary of Colombia

Visitors love getting up close and personal with the birds at the National Aviary!
Opportunities for getting up close and personal with the birds at the National Aviary!

It's not all birds at the Aviary ... Large, intricate Iguana (Staff Photo)
It's not all birds at the Aviary ... Large, intricate Iguana

Video Courtesy of the National Aviary of Colombia

Interactive Map of Colombia

Colombia Travel & Tourism Resources

Castle of San Luis de Bocachica near the harbor in Cartagena, Colombia (Staff Photo)
Castle of San Luis de Bocachica near the harbor in Cartagena, Colombia