Hummingbird Central



Hummingbirds of Nicaragua

Map showing the location of Nicaragua in Central America
Map showing the location of Nicaragua in Central America

Nicaragua is nation known for its dramatic lakes, volcanoes and beaches, and is a popular tourist destination for hiking, exploring historical sites, photography, and ... hummingbirds!

About Nicaragua

The Republic of Nicaragua is located in Central America, south of Honduras, and north of Costa Rica. The country is also bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the east by the Caribbean Sea. The population of the country is over 6,000,000 residents, and its capital and largest city is Managua.

Nicaragua has three distinct geographical regions: the Pacific lowlands, the Amerrisque Mountains (North-central highlands), and the Mosquito Coast (Atlantic lowlands/Caribbean lowlands). On the Pacific side of Nicaragua are the two largest freshwater lakes in Central America, Lake Nicaragua and Lake Managua.

The country's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems contribute to Mesoamerica's designation as a biodiversity hotspot. Nearly 20% of Nicaragua is designated as protected areas such as national parks, biological reserves and nature reserves.

Visitors to Nicaragua will enjoy exploring its 248 species of amphibians and reptiles, 183 species of mammals, 705 bird species, 640 fish species, and 5,800 species of plants.

Make plans for your next hummingbird tour in Nicaragua!

Map of Nicaragua

 

Hummingbird Species in Nicaragua

Hummingbirds exist only in the Western Hemisphere, with nearly half of the species living in the "equatorial belt," between 10 degrees north and south of the equator. The hummingbird family is large, with 366 species and 112 genera, mostly south of the United States, and many in Guatemala.

Hummingbirds comprise the family Trochilidae, among the smallest of birds, with most species measuring in the 3"-5" range.

 

Nicaragua is home to about 34 species of hummingbirds, listed below. Many hummingbirds in Nicaragua do not migrate. The Ruby-throated Hummingbird and a few others do migrate north into the United States in warmer months.

  • Azure-crowned Hummingbird
  • Band-tailed Barbthroat Hummingbird
  • Black-crested Coquette Hummingbird
  • Blue-tailed Hummingbird
  • Blue-throated Goldentail Hummingbird
  • Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer Hummingbird
  • Bronzy Hermit Hummingbird
  • Brown Violet-ear Hummingbird
  • Cinnamon Hummingbird
  • Emerald-chinned Hummingbird
  • Green-breasted Mango Hummingbird
  • Green-breasted Mountain-gem Hummingbird
  • Green Violet-ear Hummingbird
  • Long-billed Starthroat Hummingbird
  • Plain-capped Starthroat Hummingbird
  • Purple-throated Mountain-gem Hummingbird
  • Purple-crowned Fairy Hummingbird
  • Rivoli's Hummingbird
  • Ruby-throated Hummingbird
  • Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
  • Scaly-breasted Hummingbird
  • Snowcap Hummingbird
  • Sparkling-tailed Hummingbird
  • Sparkling-throated Hummingbird
  • Steely-vented Hummingbird
  • Stripe-tailed Hermit Hummingbird
  • Stripe-throated Hermit Hummingbird
  • Violet-crowned Woodnymph Hummingbird
  • Violet-headed Hummingbird
  • Violet Sabrewing Hummingbird
  • Western Long-tailed Hermit Hummingbird
  • White-bellied Emerald Hummingbird
  • White-eared Hummingbird
  • White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird

 

Photo Highlights of Hummingbirds Found in Nicaragua

Green-breasted Mango Hummingbird
Green-breasted Mango Hummingbird
Green Violet-ear Hummingbird
Green Violet-ear Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Purple-crowned Fairy Hummingbird
Purple-crowned Fairy Hummingbird
White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird
White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird
Rivoli's Hummingbird
Rivoli's Hummingbird
White-eared Hummingbird
White-eared Hummingbird
Plain-capped Starthroat Hummingbird
Plain-capped Starthroat Hummingbird
Cinnamon Hummingbird
Cinnamon Hummingbird
Purple-throated Mountain Gem Hummingbird
Purple-throated Mountain Gem Hummingbird
Stripe-throated Hummingbird
Stripe-throated Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Special thanks go out to the great nature photographers Alan Schmierer and Rolf Riethof for sharing many of their beautiful public-domain photographs of hummingbirds on this website via Flickr.

 

Nicaragua Travel & Tourism Resources