Hummingbird Central

Hummingbirds of Panama

Map showing the location of Panama in Central America
Map showing the location of Panama in Central America

Many travelers to Panama enjoy hiking, surfing, snorkeling, whale watching, exploring historical sites, wildlife adventures, and ... hummingbirds!

About Panama

The country of Panama is located on the Isthmus of Panama, the narrow land bridge connecting North America and South America. Costa Rica lies to the west, and Colombia to the east. It is the site of the famous Panama Canal, connecting the Caribbean Sea with the Gulf of Panama and the Pacific Ocean. Revenue from canal tolls continues to represent a significant portion of Panama's GDP.

The capital and largest city if Panama City, located in the west of the country. The country is divided into ten provinces, which are further divided into districts and townships.

Panama features natural beauty, diverse plant and animal life including hundreds of species of birds and trees.

Popular destinations for visitors include Panama City, the San Blas Islands, Boquete, Coiba Island, the Anton Valley, Gatun Lake, and Portobelo. The country operates a number of national parks, including the popular Soberanía National Park, which has the greatest diversity of birds for birdwatching, with more than 525 birds inhabiting the area.

Enjoy your hummingbird explorations in Panama!

Map of Panama


The Family of Hummingbirds

Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, with almost half the species living in the "equatorial belt" between 10 degrees north and south of the equator. Many are found in Panama and adjacent areas in Costa Rica and Colombia. The hummingbird family is very large, with 366 species and 112 genera, mostly south of the United States.

Hummingbirds comprise the family Trochilidae, among the smallest of birds, with most species measuring in the 3"-5" range.


Hummingbird Species in Panama

Panama is home to about 59 species of hummingbirds, listed below.

Most hummingbirds in Panama do not migrate. However, many Ruby-throated Hummingbirds over-winter between southern Mexico and northern Panama, and migrate in warmer months to the United States and Canada.

  • Band-tailed Barbthroat Hummingbird
  • Black-bellied Hummingbird
  • Black-throated Mango Hummingbird
  • Blue-chested Hummingbird
  • Blue-headed Sapphire Hummingbird
  • Blue-throated Goldentail Hummingbird
  • Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer Hummingbird
  • Bronzy Hermit Hummingbird
  • Brown Violet-ear Hummingbird
  • Charming Hummingbird
  • Fiery-throated Hummingbird
  • Garden Emerald Hummingbird
  • Glow-throated Hummingbird
  • Gorgeted Woodstar Hummingbird
  • Gray-tailed Mountain Gem Hummingbird
  • Green-breasted Mango Hummingbird
  • Green-crowned Brilliant Hummingbird
  • Green-fronted Lancebill Hummingbird
  • Green Hermit Hummingbird
  • Green Thorntail Hummingbird
  • Green Violet-ear Hummingbird
  • Greenish Puffleg Hummingbird
  • Long-billed Starthroat Hummingbird
  • Magenta-throated Woodstar Hummingbird
  • Pale-bellied Hermit Hummingbird
  • Purple-crowned Fairy Hummingbird
  • Purple-throated Mountain-gem Hummingbird
  • Purple-throated Woodstar Hummingbird
  • Rivoli's Hummingbird
  • Ruby-throated Hummingbird
  • Ruby-topaz Hummingbird
  • Rufous-breasted Hermit Hummingbird
  • Rufous-cheeked Hummingbird
  • Rufous-crested Coquette Hummingbird
  • Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
  • Sapphire-throated Hummingbird
  • Scaly-breasted Hummingbird
  • Scintillant Hummingbird
  • Snowcap Hummingbird
  • Snowy-bellied Hummingbird
  • Stripe-tailed Hummingbird
  • Stripe-throated Hermit Hummingbird
  • Tooth-billed Hummingbird
  • Veraguan Mango Hummingbird
  • Violet-bellied Hummingbird
  • Violet-capped Hummingbird
  • Violet-crowned Woodnymph Hummingbird
  • Violet-headed Hummingbird
  • Violet Sabrewing Hummingbird
  • Volcano Hummingbird
  • Western Long-tailed Hermit Hummingbird
  • White-bellied Mountain Gem Hummingbird
  • White-crested Coquette Hummingbird
  • White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird
  • White-tailed Emerald Hummingbird
  • White-throated Mountain Gem Hummingbird
  • White-tipped Sicklebill Hummingbird
  • White-vented Plumeleteer Hummingbird


Photo Highlights of Hummingbirds Found in Panama

Green-breasted Mango Hummingbird
Green-breasted Mango Hummingbird
Green Violet-ear Hummingbird
Green Violet-ear Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Purple-crowned Fairy Hummingbird
Purple-crowned Fairy Hummingbird
White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird
White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird
Rivoli's Hummingbird
Rivoli's Hummingbird
Fiery-throated Hummingbird
Fiery-throated Hummingbird
Purple-throated Mountain Gem Hummingbird
Purple-throated Mountain Gem Hummingbird
White-bellied Mountain Gem Hummingbird
White-bellied Mountain Gem Hummingbird
White-throated Mountain Gem Hummingbird
White-throated Mountain Gem Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Green-crowned Brilliant Hummingbird
Green-crowned Brilliant Hummingbird
Special thanks go out to the great nature photographers Alan Schmierer and Rolf Riethof for sharing many of their beautiful public-domain photographs of hummingbirds on this website via Flickr.


Panama Travel & Tourism Resources