Hummingbird Central

Hummingbirds of Ecuador

Map showing the location of Ecuador in South America
Map showing the location of Ecuador in South America

Many travelers to Ecuador enjoy visiting the Amazon rainforest, climbing volcanoes, boating in the clear waters of the Galápagos, hiking in the Andean highlands, exploring historical sites, and ... watching hummingbirds in one of the world's most biodiverse countries!

About Ecuador

The Republic of Ecuador is located in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean on the west. Ecuador also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific. The country's capital is Quito and its largest city is Guayaquil. It has a population of over 17 million residents, and is divided into 24 provinces. The country's name means "Equator" in Spanish.

Because of its location at the equator, Ecuador experiences little variation in daylight hours during the course of a year.

There is great variety in the climate, determined by altitude. It is mild year-round in the mountain valleys, with a humid subtropical climate in coastal areas and rainforest in lowlands. The Pacific coastal area has a tropical climate with a severe rainy season. The climate in the Andean highlands is temperate and relatively dry, and the Amazon basin on the eastern side of the mountains shares the climate of other rainforest zones.

Mount Chimborazo (6,268 m, or 20,560 ft, above sea level), is Ecuador's tallest mountain.

Ecuador is one of seventeen megadiverse countries in the world according to Conservation International, and has the most biodiversity per square kilometer of any nation. Ecuador has 1,600 bird species in the continental area and 38 more endemic in the Galápagos. In addition, it is home to more than 16,000 species of plants.

Popular travel destinations for tourists include the Galápagos Islands, Yasuni National Park, the historic center of Quito, the Cayambe volcano, Cuenca, Guayaquil, Santa Cruz Island, Banos, Floreana Island and so much more.

Birdwatchers can choose from a number of respected birding tour operators, offering various options for ecotours, duration, locales, lodging, and transportation.

Enjoy your hummingbird explorations and tours in Ecuador!

Map of Ecuador


The Family of Hummingbirds

Hummingbirds live only in the Western Hemisphere, with nearly half the species living in the "equatorial belt" between 10 degrees north and south of the equator. Many are found in Ecuador and adjacent areas of Panama, Columbia, and Peru. The hummingbird family is very large, with 366 species and 112 genera, mostly south of the United States.

Hummingbirds comprise the family Trochilidae, among the smallest of birds, with most species measuring in the 3"-5" range.

Numerous birding tour guide operators are available in Ecuador for birdwatchers, offering options that include transportation, lodging, duration, and locales, and lodging.


Hummingbird Species in Ecuador

Ecuador is home to about 132 species of hummingbirds, second only in number to Colombia. Highlights of Ecuadorian species is included below.

  • Amethyst-throated Sunangel
  • Andean Emerald
  • Band-tailed Barbthroat
  • Black-breasted Puffleg
  • Brown Violetear
  • Buff-winged Starfrontlet
  • Chestnut-breasted Coronet
  • Collared Inca
  • Crowned Woodnymph
  • Empress Brilliant
  • Fawn-breasted Brilliant
  • Glowing Puffleg
  • Golden-breasted Puffleg
  • Gorgeted Sunangel
  • Gould’s Jewelfront
  • Green-crowned Brilliant
  • Green-crowned Woodnymph
  • Green Hermit
  • Green Thorntail
  • Long-tailed Sylph
  • Napo Sabrewing
  • Northern Giant
  • Purple-backed Thornbill
  • Purple-throated Woodstar
  • Racket-tailed Coquette
  • Rainbow-bearded Thornbill
  • Rainbow Starfrontlet
  • Rufous-tailed
  • Sapphire-vented Puffleg
  • Shining Sunbeam
  • Sparkling Violetear
  • Tawny-bellied Hermit
  • Tourmaline Sunangel
  • Trainbearer
  • Velvet-purple Coronet
  • Violet-tailed Sylph
  • Violetear
  • Viridian Metaltail
  • Western Emerald
  • White-bearded Hermit
  • White-necked Jacobin
  • White-tipped Sicklebill
  • White-whiskered Hermit
  • Wire-crested Thorntail

A more complete list is shown in the chart below, in alphabetical order. Checkmarks indicate which species are found in Ecuador. Differing birding sources may report small variation in numbers of species. This database represents our best effort to create an accurate species listing.

Click the image below for a complete list of species in PDF format. Or click here to view the species list (PDF)


Photo Highlights of Hummingbirds Found in Ecuador

Long-tailed Sylph
Long-tailed Sylph Hummingbird
Green-crowned Brilliant
Green-crowned Brilliant Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Shining Sunbeam
Shining Sunbeam Hummingbird
Velvet-purple Coronet
Velvet-purple Coronet Hummingbird
Tourmaline Sunangel
Tourmaline Sunangel Hummingbird
White-necked Jacobin
White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird
Collared Inca
Collared Inca Hummingbird
Buff-winged Starfrontlet
Buff-winged Starfrontlet Hummingbird


Ecuador Travel & Tourism Resources