Hummingbird Central



Hummingbirds of Honduras

Many people travel to Honduras for hiking, scuba diving, photography, mission work and ... hummingbirds!

About Honduras

Map showing the location of Honduras in Central America
Map showing the location of Honduras in Central America

The Republic of Honduras is located in Central America, north of Nicaragua and adjacent to Guatemala and El Salvador. The country borders the Caribbean Sea on the East, and the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca on the west. Its capital and largest city is Tegucigalpa, and the population of the country is over 10,000,000 residents.

The climate is hot and humid most of the year; the spring is dry. Hurricanes can affect Honduras from June through November. The geography consists mainly of mountains, with narrow plains along the coasts. Other features include large rain forests, cloud forests, savannas, mangroves, and the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System.

The Honduras government consists of 18 departments (states), each of which are further divided into municipalities (counties). Each municipality has cities, villages and hamlets. For example the Lempira Department has 28 municipalities and 32 major cities, with the Department capital being Gracias. Included in the Bay Islands Department is the island of Roatán, located about 40 miles off the northern coast; the departmental capital is Coxen Hole.

The country hosts 20 national parks, including Celaque National Park in Lempira, Ocotepeque and Copán, in western Honduras. The park includes Honduras’ tallest peak, Cerro Las Minas or Pico Celaque, which towers to 2,870 meters (9,416 ft) above mean sea level.

Celaque National Park is located just to the west of the rural mountain town of Gracias, Lempira ... the natural beauty of this area draws many visitors, offering welcoming hot springs, extensive hiking trails, and tours of nearby farms and historic ruins.

Map of Honduras, Departments and Major Cities

 

The Family of Hummingbirds

Photo of the endemic Honduran Emerald Hummingbird in Honduras
Honduran Emerald Hummingbird
Dominic Sherony, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Hummingbirds are found only in the Western Hemisphere, with almost half the species living in the "equatorial belt" between 10 degrees north and south of the equator. Many are found in Honduras, which is located about 1,000 miles north of the equator. The hummingbird family is very large, with 366 species and 112 genera, mostly south of the United States.

Hummingbirds comprise the family Trochilidae, among the smallest of birds, with most species measuring in the 3"-5" range.

Many hummingbirds in Honduras never migrate, while some migrate north to their breeding grounds in the southern U.S. as early as February, and to areas further north later in the spring. Migrants from Honduras include the Ruby-throated Hummingbird which is a popular bird in the United States and Canada from February through October.

Hummingbird Species in Honduras

Honduras is home to over 700 species of birds, including 42 species of hummingbirds.

The Honduran Emerald (Amazilia luciae) is a vulnerable species of hummingbird in the "emeralds" tribe, Trochilini, of the subfamily Trochilinae. It is endemic to Honduras, and is found in three widely separated areas of northern Honduras, in the departments of Santa Bárbara, Cortés, Yoro, and Olancho. Its habitat is disappearing because of deforestation.

Other hummingbird species that are found in Honduras include, but are not limited, to the following:

  • Amethyst-throated Hummingbird
  • Azure-crowned Hummingbird
  • Band-tailed Barbthroat Hummingbird
  • Berylline Hummingbird
  • Black-crested Coquette Hummingbird
  • Blue-tailed Hummingbird
  • Blue-throated Goldentail Hummingbird
  • Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer Hummingbird
  • Bronzy Hermit Hummingbird
  • Brown Violet-ear Hummingbird
  • Buff-bellied Hummingbird
  • Canivet's Emerald Hummingbird
  • Cinnamon Hummingbird
  • Crowned Woodnymph Hummingbird
  • Emerald-chinned Hummingbird
  • Garnet-throated Hummingbird
  • Green-breasted Mango Hummingbird
  • Green-breasted Mountain-gem Hummingbird
  • Green-throated Mountain-gem Hummingbird
  • Green Violet-ear Hummingbird
  • Long-billed Hermit Hummingbird
  • Long-billed Starthroat Hummingbird
  • Plain-capped Starthroat Hummingbird
  • Purple-throated Mountain-gem Hummingbird
  • Purple-crowned Fairy Hummingbird
  • Rivoli's Hummingbird
  • Ruby-throated Hummingbird
  • Rufous-tailed hummingbird
  • Salvin's Emerald Hummingbird
  • Scaly-breasted Hummingbird
  • Slender Sheartail Hummingbird
  • Snowcap Hummingbird
  • Sparkling-tailed Hummingbird
  • Stripe-tailed Hermit Hummingbird
  • Stripe-throated Hermit Hummingbird
  • Violet-crowned Woodnymph Hummingbird
  • Violet-headed Hummingbird
  • Violet Sabrewing Hummingbird
  • Wedge-tailed Sabrewing Hummingbird
  • Western Long-tailed Hermit Hummingbird
  • White-bellied Emerald Hummingbird
  • White-eared Hummingbird
  • White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird
  • Wine-throated Hummingbird

 

 

Photo Highlights of Hummingbirds Found in Honduras

Green-breasted Mango Hummingbird
Green-breasted Mango Hummingbird
Green Violet-ear Hummingbird
Green Violet-ear Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Buff-bellied Hummingbird
Buff-bellied Hummingbird
White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird
White-necked Jacobin Hummingbird
Rivoli's Hummingbird
Rivoli's Hummingbird
Purple-crowned Fairy Hummingbird
Purple-crowned Fairy Hummingbird
Berylline Hummingbird
Berylline Hummingbird
White-eared Hummingbird
White-eared Hummingbird
Plain-capped Starthroat Hummingbird
Plain-capped Starthroat Hummingbird
Long-billed Hermit Hummingbird
Long-billed Hermit Hummingbird
Purple-throated Mountain Gem Hummingbird
Purple-throated Mountain Gem Hummingbird
Cinnamon Hummingbird
Cinnamon Hummingbird
Stripe-throated Hummingbird
Stripe-throated Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Special thanks go out to the great nature photographers Alan Schmierer and Rolf Riethof for sharing many of their beautiful public-domain photographs of hummingbirds on this website via Flickr.


Hummingbird Resources Related to Honduras

Honduras Travel Resources