Costa's Hummingbird

Common Name
Costa's Hummingbird
Scientific Name
Calypte costae
3 1/2"
Common in desert washes and dry chaparral of the Southwestern U.S. Breeding grounds include the Sonoran and Mojave Deserts of California and Arizona. During hot summer days, it moves to chaparral, scrub, or woodland habitat. Considered extremely rare in Texas.
Characteristics and Identification
Male has a deep violet head and gorget extending far down the sides of the neck. Female has white throat and underparts, sometimes with some violet feathers.

Costa's Hummingbird in Southern California (Courtesy of Marilyn Meadows Photography)
Costa's Hummingbird in Southern California
Source: Marilyn Meadows Photography
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Costa's Hummingbird
Costa's Hummingbird
Male Costa's Hummingbird (Calypte costae)
Alan D. Wilson, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons